Thursday, March 9 / Saturday, March 25, 1961: Ivan Ivanovich

Ivan Ivanovich was the name given to a mannequin twice launched aboard Soviet capsules as the country presses ahead with its efforts to put a man into space. The name "Ivan Ivanovich" is the Soviet equivalent of "John Doe." Both times the mannequin was ejected from the craft during re-entry and parachuted to Earth. The sign beneath the visor says "Maket," or "dummy," so that anyone coming across the mannequin would not mistake it for a live (or dead) human being.

* More information: @ and @

-- March 9: Korabl-Sputnik 4 (known as Sputnik 9 in the West)
* Summary: @

-- March 25: Korabl-Sputnik 5 (Sputnik 10)
* Summary: @
* Capsule to be auctioned on April 12, 2011: @ and @

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