July 1962: Algerian independence

July 1: Residents of Algeria vote on this question: "Do you want Algeria to become an independent state, cooperating with France, according to the conditions defined by the declaration of March 19?" Nearly 6 million people vote; more than 99% of them vote "oui." (A similar April 8 referendum in France had been approved by nearly 91% of the nearly 20 million voters.)

July 3: French President Charles de Gaulle signs an agreement recognizing Algeria as an independent country.

July 5: Algeria's provisional government proclaims the country's independence, 132 years to the day of France's invasion of Algeria. (July 5 is still celebrated as the country's national holiday.)

Photo shows women in line to vote. (From Magnum Photos)

* "Independent Algeria" (from exhibition at musée de l’Armée, Paris): @
* "Algeria - What Now" (newsreel): @
* Official Algerian announcement of results (PDF): @
* "America Salutes Algerian Independence" (short documentary):
* "Algeria: France's Undeclared War" (book by Martin Evans, 2011): @
* algerie.com: @
* Country Studies: Algeria (from The Library of Congress): @
* Earlier post on Paris massacre (October 17, 1961): @

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