The country officially becomes a republic, breaking away from the Commonwealth of Nations (the remnants of the British Empire). The act followed a referendum in October 1960 in which 52 percent of whites had voted in favor of such a move.
* "Formation of the South African Republic": @
* South African History Online: @
* Country Studies: South Africa (from Library of Congress): @
* Interview with Nelson Mandela (May 1961): @