Sunday, April 24, 1960: Biloxi wade-in

A group of about 125 blacks go into the waters off Biloxi, Mississippi, the second such wade-in undertaken in an effort to desegregate the city's beaches. An armed white mob attacks the group, and that night brings on more violence, with at least 10 people shot and dozens more injured. A similar wade-in took place in Biloxi on June 23, 1963; dozens of protesters were arrested. (In 1968, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the beach was open to all.)

* "White Men Attack Negroes at Biloxi Beach; 11 Hurt" (United Press International): @
* "Racial Violence Leaves 14 Hurt in Mississippi" (Associated Press): @
* Summary from "Encyclopedia of American Race Riots" (edited by Walter C. Rucker and James M. Upton, 2007): @
* "A Civil Rights Watershed in Biloxi, Mississippi" (Smithsonian magazine, 2010): @ 
* Report from Zach J. Van Landingham, Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission, April 27, 1960 (Mississippi Department of Archives and History): @
* "Remembering the Biloxi wade-ins" (WLOX-TV, 2009): @
* "68 Held in 'Wade-In'; Detroit March Biggest" (The Associated Press, June 24, 1963): @
* Text of United States v. Harrison County (Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, August 15, 1968): @
* "A Brief History of the Civil Rights Movement on the Mississippi Gulf Coast" (Civil Rights In Mississippi Digital Archive, University of Southern Mississippi): @
* "Beaches, Blood and Ballots: A Black Doctor's Civil Rights Struggle" (Gilbert R. Mason and James Patterson Smith, 2000): @ 

No comments:

Post a Comment

Blog archive


Follow: @