Monday, January 25, 1960: Soviets officially end gulag era

The network of prison labor camps (nearly 500) dated back to just after World War I. It's estimated that up to 18 million people -- mostly non-Communists, criminals and "enemies of the state" -- were sent to the gulag, with perhaps up to 3 million dying. Millions more were deported or exiled within Russia, or sent to labor colonies.

* More from Open Society Archives: @
* Project from George Mason University: @
* German site (use Google translate for English): @
* Reviews of "Gulag: A History": @
* White Sea Canal: @

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